Without a doubt, an imprisonment is always a scaring incident. But since the penal institutions are of different types, their politics and conditions also differ. So, let’s determine the peculiarities of jails and prisons in Florida as well as in the United States.
First of all, the main difference between these two institutions is the term of custody. Jails are usually managed by local law agencies or local government authorities. Florida’s jails are managed by the County Sheriff’s Department. Such facilities are used for temporary detention of prisoners waiting for a court or convicted to a short term up to one year for a minor offense. Jails have various programs offering training camps, as well as educational and drug treatment programs. Such activities are meant to change a person’s world outlook and reduce the likelihood of re-imprisonment. Another advantage is that the inmates are busy with interesting work without creating problems for the institution authorities.
As for the prisons, they are under the jurisdiction of the BOP (Federal Bureau of Prisoners) of the US Government. Florida prisons are run by the Department of Corrections. These institutions are designed to deter people for criminal offenses. Different development programs are also offered in prisons, depending on the detention security level. As a rule, the convicted whose sentences are coming to an end, get access to such programs. Prisons are adapted for long-term detention. Therefore they satisfy the requirements of their residents within the law.
The turnover of jailed is much higher and the rules are less strict. As a result, the inmates usually prefer to avoid prison due to the availability of programs and more loyal conditions in jail. At the same time, the convicted complain about the constant people flow in jails. This makes it difficult to live calmly, sleep and eat.
However, jails are often left without sufficient funding. This leads to the detention system deterioration as well as to ill-treatment of the inmates.
Both systems offer the rights of visits. The convicted also have the rights provided by law, they include:
Lack of cruel and unusual punishment
Freedom from sexual harassment
The right to medical care and access to court
The right to protection against racial discrimination
Naturally, the rights of convicted are significantly limited in comparison with the rights of other citizens in freedom. Therefore, they have only partial rights to freedom of speech, property and other human rights.
If you or your friends face jail or prison, you should contact bail bondsman, who will help you avoid prison cell while awaiting trial.